Jocelyn Bell Burnell

A Wikipédiából, a szabad enciklopédiából
Ugrás a navigációhoz Ugrás a kereséshez
Jocelyn Bell Burnell
Launch of IYA 2009, Paris - Grygar, Bell Burnell cropped.jpg
Életrajzi adatok
Született1943. július 15. (76 éves)
Születési neve Susan Jocelyn Bell
Ismeretes mint
Iskolái
Szakmai kitüntetések
  • Beatrice M. Tinsley Prize (1986)
  • Royal Society tagja (2003)
  • Herschel Medal (1989)
  • A Brit Birodalom Érdemrendje (2007 Birthday Honours, 2007. június 17.)
  • Albert A. Michelson Medal (1973)
  • 100 Women (2014)
  • Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (2004)
  • J. Robert Oppenheimer Memorial Prize (1978)
  • Grande médaille de l’Académie des sciences (2018)
  • Michael Faraday Prize (2010)
  • Magellanic Premium (2000)
  • Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (2018)
  • Karl G. Jansky Lectureship (1995)
  • Royal-érem (2015)
  • Gold medal of the Spanish National Research Council (2015. június 11.)
  • Fellow of the Institute of Physics
  • honorary doctorate of the University of Valencia (2017)
  • honorary doctor of Harvard University (2007)
  • A Brit Birodalom Érdemrendje
A Wikimédia Commons tartalmaz Jocelyn Bell Burnell témájú médiaállományokat.

Susan Jocelyn Bell Burnell (Lurgan, Észak-Írország, 1943. július 15. –) északír asztrofizikus, aki posztgraduális hallgatóként közösen fedezte fel az első rádiós pulzárokat 1967-ben, amiért "A 20. század egyik legjelentősebb tudományos eredményével" ismerték el. 1974-ben fizikai Nobel-díjjal ismerték el a felfedezést, de annak ellenére, hogy Bell volt az aki legelőször megfigyelte a pulzárokat, Bell maga nem részesült a díjazásban. A felfedezésről beszámoló tudományos cikknek öt szerzője volt. Bell konzulense, Antony Hewish volt a cikk első szerzője és Bell a második. Ennek ellenére csak Hewish-nek és csillagász Martin Ryle-nak adták a Nobel-díjat, Bell-nek nem. Sok elismert csillagász kritizálta azt, hogy Bell-t kihagyták, köztük Sir Fred Hoyle.

Könyvek[szerkesztés]

  • Burnell, S. Jocelyn (1989). Broken for Life. Swarthmore Lecture. London: Quaker Home Service. ISBN 978-0-85245-222-6.
  • Riordan, Maurice; Burnell, S. Jocelyn (27 October 2008). Dark Matter: Poems of Space. Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation. <ISBN 978-1-903080-10-8.

Hivatkozások[szerkesztés]

  • Addley, Esther (16 June 2007). "From Russia with gong". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  • Allan, Vicky (5 January 2015). "Face to Face: science star who went under the radar of Nobel Prize judges". The Herald. Glasgow. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  • Bakewell, Joan (9 November 2010). "Interview with Jocelyn Bell Burnell". Belief. BBC. Archived from the original on 9 November 2010.
  • "Beatrice M. Tinsley Prize". American Astronomical Society. Archived from the original on 30 April 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  • "Beautiful Minds, Series 1". BBC Four. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  • "Beautiful Minds, Series 1, Jocelyn Bell Burnell (Part 1 of 3)". BBC Four. 24 April 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  • "Bell Burnell, Dame (Susan) Jocelyn, (born 15 July 1943), astronomer; Visiting Professor of Astrophysics, University of Oxford, since 2004; President, Royal Society of Edinburgh, 2014–March 2018". Who's Who (UK). Oxford University Press. 1 December 2017. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.7157.
  • Bell Burnell, Jocelyn (26 October 1995). "The woman who discovered pulsars: An Interview with Jocelyn Bell Burnell at NRAO (National Radio Astronomy Observatory)" (Interview). Interviewed by Kate Marsh Weatherall; David G. Finley. Weatherall Technical Applications. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  • Bell Burnell, Jocelyn (21 May 2000). "Oral History Interviews: Jocelyn Bell Burnell" (Interview). Interviewed by David DeVorkin. College Park, MD: AIP.
  • Bell Burnell, Jocelyn (2007). "Pulsars 40 Years on". Science. 318 (5850): 579–581. doi:10.1126/science.1150039. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 17962545.
  • Bell Burnell, Jocelyn (2013). A Quaker Astronomer Reflects: Can a Scientist Also Be Religious?. James Backhouse Lecture. Australia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). p. 11. ISBN 978-0-646-59239-8.
  • Bell Burnell, S.J. (2004). "So Few Pulsars, So Few Females". Science. 304 (5670): 426–89. doi:10.1126/science.304.5670.489. PMID 15105461.
  • Bell Burnell, S. Jocelyn (1977). "Petit Four – After Dinner Speech published in the Annals of the New York Academy of Science Dec 1977". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 302: 685–689. Bibcode:1977NYASA.302..685B. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1977.tb37085.x.
  • Bell, Susan Jocelyn (1968). The Measurement of radio source diameters using a diffraction method. repository.cam.ac.uk (PhD thesis). University of Cambridge. doi:10.17863/CAM.4926. OCLC 500382385. EThOS uk.bl.ethos.449485.
  • Bertsch McGrayne, Sharon (1998). Nobel Prize women in science: their lives, struggles, and momentous discoveries (Rev. ed.). Secaucus, N.J.: Carol Pub. Group. ISBN 978-0-8065-2025-4. OCLC 39633911.
  • "Cosmic Search Vol. 1, No. 1 – Little Green Men, White Dwarfs or Pulsars?".
  • "Council". Institute of Physics. Archived from the original on 9 March 2011.
  • "Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell". The Life Scientific. 25 October 2011. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  • "Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell Appointed Chancellor of the University of Dundee". University of Dundee. 20 February 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  • "Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell to be Royal Society's first female president". BBC Scotland. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  • "Dame Jocelyn Bell-Burnell – 2018 AstroFest Keynote Speaker". Central West Astronomical Society. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  • "The discovery of pulsars". Horizon. BBC. 1 September 2010. BBC Two.
  • "Dr Gavin Burnell: Associate Professor in Condensed Matter Physics". Condensed Matter Physics Group, University of Leeds. 2010. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  • Eisberg, Joann (1997). "Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943–)". In Shearer, Benjamin F.; Shearer, Barbara. Notable Women in the Physical Sciences: A Biographical Dictionary. Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press. pp. 9–14. ISBN 978-0-313-29303-0.
  • "The Franklin Institute Awards | the Franklin Institute Science Museum". Franklin Institute. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  • "Franklin Laureate Database – Albert A. Michelson Medal Laureates". Franklin Institute. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  • Ghosh, Pallab (6 September 2018). "Fund to counter physics 'white male bias'". BBC News. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  • Gold, Lauren (6 July 2006). "Discoverer of pulsars (aka Little Green Men) reflects on the process of discovery and being a female pioneer". Cornell Chronicle.
  • Hargittai, István (2003). The road to Stockholm: Nobel Prizes, science, and scientists. Oxford University Press. p. 240. Bibcode:2002rost.book.....H. ISBN 978-0-19-860785-4.
  • "Hawking receives Einstein Award". Physics Today. 31 (4): 68. April 1978. Bibcode:1978PhT....31d..68.. doi:10.1063/1.2995004. Jocelyn Bell Burnell, researcher on the staff of the Mullard Space Science Laboratory of University College London, is the recipient of the 1978 J. Robert Oppenheimer Memorial Prize.
  • "Herschel Medal Winners" (PDF). Royal Astronomical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  • Hewish, A.; Bell, S. J.; Pilkington, J. D. H.; Scott, P. F.; Collins, R. A. (1968). "Observation of a Rapidly Pulsating Radio Source". Nature. 217 (5130): 709. Bibcode:1968Natur.217..709H. doi:10.1038/217709a0. For the follow-up paper, see Pilkington et al. 1968.
  • "Jansky Home Page". National Radio Astronomy Observatory. Retrieved 14 May 2009.
  • "Jocelyn Bell Burnell". Quakers In The World web portal (QITW). Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  • "Jocelyn Bell Burnell Medal and Prize". Institute of Physics. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  • "Jocelyn Bell Burnell profile". Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics (CWP). Archived from the original on 7 July 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2007.
  • "Jocelyn Bell Burnell retires as Dean". University of Bath. 16 August 2004. Archived from the original on 29 May 2007.
  • "Jocelyn Bell: the true star". Belfast Telegraph. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  • Johnston, Colin (March 2007). "Pulsar Pioneer visits us" (PDF). Astronotes. Armagh Planetarium. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
  • Judson, Horace (20 October 2003). "No Nobel Prize for Whining". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 August 2007.
  • Kaplan, Sarah; Farzan, Antonia Noori (8 September 2018). "She made the discovery, but a man got the Nobel. A half-century later, she's won a $3 million prize". The Wahington Post.
  • Kaufman, Rachel (24 June 2016). "Dame Jocelyn Bell-Burnell: No asking, just telling". College Park, MD: Sigma Pi Sigma. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  • "Les lauréats des prix de l'Académie des sciences attribués en 2018" [2018 Laureates of the French Academy of Sciences Prize] (in French). Académie des sciences. 24 July 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  • "Lurgan College: School History". Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  • "The Magellanic Premium of the American Philosophical Society". American Philosophical Society. 2008. Archived from the original on 17 April 2009.
  • McKie, Robin (2 October 2010). "Fred Hoyle: the scientist whose rudeness cost him a Nobel prize". The Guardian.
  • McNaughton, Marion; Pegler, Linda; Arriens, Jan; Dale, Jonathan; Steven, Helen; Perks, Nick; Michaelis, Laurie (2007). Engaging with the Quaker Testimonies: a Toolkit. Quaker Books for Quaker Peace & Social Witness Testimonies Committee. ISBN 978-0-901689-59-7.
  • Merali, Zeeya (6 September 2018). "Pulsar discoverer Jocelyn Bell Burnell wins $3-million Breakthrough Prize". Nature. 561 (7722): 161. Bibcode:2018Natur.561..161M. doi:10.1038/d41586-018-06210-w. ISSN 0028-0836. PMID 30206391.
  • Ouellette, Jennifer (6 September 2018). "Jocelyn Bell Burnell wins $3 million prize for discovering pulsars". Ars Technica. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  • Pilkington, J. D. H.; Hewish, A.; Bell, S. J.; Cole, T. W. (1968). "Observations of some further Pulsed Radio Sources". Nature. 218 (5137): 126. Bibcode:1968Natur.218..126P. doi:10.1038/218126a0. For the first paper (announcing the discovery), see Hewish et al. 1968.
  • "President's medal recipients: Professor Dame Jocelyn Bell Burnell (full citation)". Institute of Physics. 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  • "Press Release: The 1974 Nobel Prize in Physics". Nobelprize.org. 15 October 1974. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  • "Professor Jocelyn Bell Burnell FRS – Spectrum of astronomy". The Royal Society. n.d. Archived from the original on 14 October 2006.
  • "Queen's Birthday Honours 2007". University of Oxford. 18 June 2007. Retrieved 10 July 2007.
  • "QVMAG: Grote Reber Medal Winners: 2011 Winner: Professor Jocelyn Bell Burnell". QVMAG. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  • "The Restless Universe: Some Highlights of Physics". OpenLearn. The Open University. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  • "Royal Medal". Royal Society. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
  • Sample, Ian (6 September 2018). "British astrophysicist overlooked by Nobels wins $3m award for pulsar work". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  • "Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics Awarded to Jocelyn Bell Burnell for Discovery of Pulsars" (Press release). Breakthrough Prize. 6 September 2018. A Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics can be awarded by the Selection Committee at any time, and in addition to the regular Breakthrough Prize awarded through the ordinary annual nomination process. Unlike the annual Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics, the Special Prize is not limited to recent discoveries.
  • "Visiting star at college". Lurgan Mail. 13 February 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2018.
  • Walter, Claire (1982). Winners, the blue ribbon encyclopedia of awards. Facts on File. p. 438. ISBN 978-0-87196-386-4.
  • Warren, Andrew; Thackray, Lucy (25 July 2018). "The pioneer of pulsars pops into Parkes". CSIROscope. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  • Westly, Erica (6 October 2008). "No Nobel for You: Top 10 Nobel Snubs". Scientific American.
  • "Woman's Hour – the Power List 2013". BBC. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  • "Women of the Year Prudential Lifetime Achievement Award". Womenoftheyear.co.uk. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2015.

Külső hivatkozások[szerkesztés]

Videó[szerkesztés]

  • Freeview video "Tick, Tick, Pulsating Star: How I Wonder What You Are?" A Royal Institution Discourse by the Vega Science Trust (accessed 24 December 2007).

Jegyzetek[szerkesztés]

Fordítás[szerkesztés]

  • Ez a szócikk részben vagy egészben a Jocelyn Bell Burnell című angol Wikipédia-szócikk fordításán alapul. Az eredeti cikk szerkesztőit annak laptörténete sorolja fel.